The three parts of the month of Ramadan
These parts are called ashra (Arabic for ten) which means of ten days or about one third of the month.These are named respectively as
Rahmat: which means mercy of God.
Maghfirat which means forgiveness of God.
Nijat which means salvation or going to heaven.
Six days of Shawwal
Muslims are encouraged to fast six days in ‘Shawwal’, the month following Ramadan beginning after Eid ul-Fitr. There are six days of fasting during Shawwal which, together with the Ramadan fasts, are equivalent to fasting "perpetually" (according to Sahih Muslim). Usually, this is taken to mean the whole year. It is a common misconception that the six days of fasting must be undertaken on consecutive days. It is said that fasting six days of Shawwal is like fasting for one full year